C&CS

How art helps LGBT community?

Introduction:

LGBT, which stands for Lesbian (L), Gay (G), Bisexual (B) and Transgender (T). They are some of the minorities in the entire population, and alike to other minorities, people within the community has been being criticised, attacked because of different reasons from history to present. Therefore, LGBT people need something to make them stand in the society, to be promoted and let people know more about them in order to reduce the discrimination. On the other hand, for art, it can do so many things, you can use it to express your personal feelings, or you can apply art on discussing world issues. From working art for oneself to the whole world and beyond, therefore, can art also be an aid for people? As artists’ works aim to deliver messages to the audience regardless for the sake of themselves or others.
Thus, this article aims to look more on how art, such as projects and products, helps these minorities. And some of the art projects will be revealed as examples no matter they are for the LGBT people themselves or for the people outside the community because people still need knowledge in order to have more understandings and respect.

Body:

First of all, there was a tragic event happened last June, which was the mass shooting in a gay club in Orlando, United States, entitled ‘Pulse’. Marc Andreyko, the organiser of the book ‘LOVE IS LOVE’, felt unbelievable and nauseated by the fact of how it actually happened. After that, he started to organise a comic in order to fund for the event and raise awareness rapidly. He mentioned, “I just started asking people, and people started asking me … the list of creators is insane.” There were over 250 creators from different kinds of people came to help for the production of the comic and it was overwhelming (Ching, 2016).

LOVEISLOVE-cover-idw
(Cover of comic book ‘Love is Love’, 2017)

I bought the book for the research of my Final Major Project, but also I wanted to show support to the LGBT community. And after that, the result was excellent. According to The Washington Post, the comic reached the New York Times’ bestseller list for graphic books. They even literally raised $165,000 and helped the victims and people associated with the Pulse’s shooting, which the act means so much for them and towards other people to acknowledge the event and the struggle of the LGBT community in order to diminish the hate and raise allies for the group through understanding (Cavna, 2017).

Speaking of understanding, I will discuss education on the other hand. In my perspective, through educating people, they will understand the knowledge and be less opposed. However, without some aspects of knowledge, people would be ignorant and resist to the things that they did not learn or they misunderstood. When I was in high school, teachers did not talk much about LGBT-related topics, as they were sensitive and controversial with the fact that I was in a Catholic school. Therefore, the lack of providing information leads to inherit the traditional concepts and misunderstanding. In an article, which was aimed to research on teachers’ commented on reasons they would not educate the student on LGBT-related literature topics. Most of them claiming that teaching these controversial topics were not suitable to deliver the message in classes because of various reasons and issues that they needed to deal with (Thein, 2013).

One of the reasons was that parents or the school would not approve. As the article stated that there were many religious parents and opposite viewer inside the schools, they assumed that there would be a personal sacrifice because those negative voices would affect teachers’ jobs with the disapproval of schools despite the fact that they support the LGBT community (2013: 173). Another reason was that students would joke on the content of the LGBT community, which gave negative effects on those ‘little societies’ when sensitive words spread in the atmosphere of the classroom. However, I do not understand the reasons as the words that making fun and jokes towards LGBT community is due to the lack of education, which I mentioned above. In another word, letting classmates learn more about the community will result in the reduced use of offensive words. The knowledge that teachers give to students and teach them it is not suitable and unacceptable to insult people in the way of whom they are.

My argument point leads to another reason, which is language Arts teachers argued that they were not the one who responsible for teaching students about these topics according to the article as it was not their job (2013: 172). But it shows the fact that some teachers are not doing their jobs as they are meant to teach students about everything rather than just the subject they ‘need’ to educate them, which they were contradicting themselves. Therefore, with education, in this case, Language Arts, they will help the LGBT community if teachers stop avoiding teaches them.

Secondly, as I mentioned about understanding through education, there was a short film project entitled ‘TransMilitary’, co-produced by Fiona Dawson, Jamie Coughlin, and Gabe Silverman. The visual art tells the story of two transgender couple, Ireland and Villanueva, serving in the military with different obstacles regarding the gender norms within the military environment and how they overcame or lived with the standard. In the short documentary, for Ireland, the transgender man, he would not let others know he was transgender as long as it was necessary, in the film, he told his sergeant of his identity and he could be in ‘Blues’, that he was able to wear as a male in the troops during ceremonies. However, due to the military is a male dominated environment, Villanueva was difficult to let the chief to accept from a man to a woman, she was not approved as a female and she needed to wear her male clothing in the army hospital (fionadawson, n.d.). Therefore, the short film tells the situation that helps people to understand more about the situation transgender are facing and how they deal with it. And with the popular media which spread the information and educates people in a large scale no matter for the people in the LGBT community or outside the group.

Screen Shot 2017-05-22 at 18.37.07
{Ireland (left) and Villanueva (right), 2015}

Regardless of people outside the community, people within the LGBT group are also having much discrimination, which sabotages the unity of the community. People still get a stereotypical image of all homosexual people as masculine, handsome and lean. Yet, how about the people who are not featuring the appearance having above? Are they not within the community? In a project which taken part in New York City, Thor Stockman was pictured holding hands with his husband of 3 and a half years and was part of Brazilian artist Vik Muniz’s work, life-size mosaics in New York new Second Avenue subway line (Fonrouge 2016). They were in some unassuming clothes with the body sizes that passengers in the subway normally had. It reveals people more about the LGBT community without the glitters and typical standard that the mass media is giving. Also, telling that a gay couple is the same as a heterosexual couple with an average-looking body with different age.

subway_art_gay_models
(The Second Avenue subway mural by Vik Muniz, 2016)

Furthermore, it also linked the issue about “typical” in the community. “I also want people to be honest with each other. Berlin is a great place for fun and sex, but nobody wants to accept that they are fucked up and depressed. Nobody speaks about the loneliness of gay people,” said Mischa Badasyan in an interview about his performance art project – “SAVE THE DAY”. He was having sex with 365 men every day in a year. He learned more about himself and grew up a bit, especially having sex with different people such as transgender, HIV-positive men, and straight men. Being loved and being lied, which led to his disbelief to people, and he pointed out that the discriminate within the gay community. Moreover, inspire the hate and devastate during the project, there were messages from people from worldwide sending love and some were even aided by the project. One of the instances is that a Russian man sent a message to Badasyan that he got HIV virus and feeling depressed. However, with the project that letting people know about the topic gave him hope and less lonely (Nichols 2016).

Conclusion:
“People are frightened by female organs because they don’t know what they look like,” said Hannah Wilke (Chadwick, 2012). When things are unclear and unknown for people, they tend to get afraid of them, even hate and violence is formed. Likewise, people in LGBT community suffer in the same situation, from past to present. They even get killed and imprisoned in some countries. Thus, artists create artworks to raise funds; produce educational documentary projects and organise performance to express human fragility and self-identity. They do all these things to have practical aids and assistance and let people understand and learn that people in the LGBT community are also human beings, there is no reason to harm or spread hatred towards each other within this world.

Bibliography

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image List

LOVEISLOVE-cover-idw
Cover of comic book ‘Love is Love’. (2017). [image] Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/comic-riffs/wp/2017/03/27/all-star-comic-book-love-is-love-raises-165000-for-orlando-pulse-tragedy-victims/?utm_term=.5a859fd3d036 [Accessed 22 May 2017].

Screen Shot 2017-05-22 at 18.37.07

Ireland and Villanueva. (2015). [image] Available at: http://www.fionadawson.com/transmilitary/ [Accessed 22 May 2017].

subway_art_gay_models

The Second Avenue subway mural by Vik Muniz. (2016). [image] Available at: http://nypost.com/2016/12/27/gay-couple-featured-in-second-avenue-subway-mural/ [Accessed 22 May 2017].

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Art Blog

Moving on (F52)

As I finally have finished all the comic strips for my “LARANJA”, I started on other things. Such as covers, the blank pages between chapters and GIF.

For the Gif, I did 3 pages today, as I want the gif to loop to prevent some sudden change of movement, I just focus on doing the looping action on the comic. They were hard to do, the onion skins. The onion skins kind of distract rather happing me when I was doing frame by frame. I think it was because of the brown Lin and the colour made them looked “dirty” and messy.

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Therefore, I did not use the onion skins, I just kept moving back and forth between frames to animate the looping action. It took me a morning to finish 3 movements.

Second thing, I start to go back to do my sketchbook in order to fill as much as I can before submission day. Due to the lack of content, I am afraid the idea development will not enough if I leave it this way. Therefore, I put some more idea about how to develop the cover and contents, and I have not start to do my cover design and other minor design for the whole comic and the exhibition. My aim is to finish / almost finish a whole sketchbook.

img_1587

Art Blog

Applying (F51)

Screen Shot 2017-05-18 at 17.52.20.png

Having the draft finished yesterday, I started to continue inking and arrange some contents. I found that my idea development in my sketchbook is useful and I could put some of them into my comic strips.

As my original storyline have a bigger climax. When I looked back I felt more strong by that flow of story. However, the plot I used has a smooth storyline with a less satisfying climax (kind of anti-climax). Although it seems ‘less interesting’, it shows more on the culture on the LGBT in Macau with a ‘silent’ atmosphere, with a quiet situation happening anywhere in Macau.

Moreover, talking about the silence, I start thinking about the cover design and I have to talk more about different experiments and inspiration in the sketchbook in order to make more informative.

Art Blog

Colouring and dialogue (F50)

As I want to maintain the speed of my working process, I set the colour palette last night and ready to paint it this morning for the chapter 4 cover. I sticked to the pale colour that I used and it worked quite well. After that, I finished the draft for all my comic strips and continue my inking and colour.

The second thing is that the dialogue I used inside the story. Aside from the Grammatical mistakes, I want to make sure the readers understand what the characters are talking about. I did not think too much in this stage, I would arrange and correct the major mistake when I finish the whole comic.

Moreover, working in front of the computer all day made me feel sick and a bit pain and sore on the shoulders and arms. I need to do some stretches and exercise more from time to time.

 

Art Blog

Towards the ending (F49)

After C&CS, I worked consecutively before lunch. I worked out about a few pages before the ending of the story. The speed of the storyline will seem fast, therefore, I will try some ways to slow it down in order to give the audience more contents and a more satisfacting climax. And to give some time for me to refine and fix some minor issues for the project, I will finish all pages within this weekend. And having a few days to do gif. and sketchbook.

I drew 5 1/2 pages of line art today which made me think I can do it before my deadline, and gave me more energy to work more on them. I hope my power will not escape after today.

C&CS

C&CS Studies Pt.3 (10)

LGBT, which stand for Lesbian (L), Gay (G), Bisexual (B) and Transgender (T). They are some of the minorities in the entire population, and alike to other minorities, people within the community has been being criticised, attacked because of different reasons from history to present. Therefore, LGBT people need something to make them stand in the society, to be promoted or educated. On the other hand, for art, it can do so many things, you can use it to express your personal feelings, or you can apply art on discussing world issues. From working art for oneself to the whole world and beyond, therefore, can art also be an aid for people? As artists’ works aim to deliver messages to the audience regardless for the sake of themselves or others.

So this article aims to look more on how art, such as projects and products, helps these minorities. And some of the art projects will be revealed as examples no matter they are for the LGBT people themselves or for the people outside the community, because people still need knowledge in order to have more understandings and respect.

 

First of all, there was a tragic event happened last June, which was the mass shooting in a gay club in Orlando, United States, entitled ‘Pulse’. Marc Andreyko, the organiser of the book ‘LOVE IS LOVE’, felt unbelievable and nauseated by the fact of how did it actually happened. After that, he started to organise a comic in order to fund for the event and raise awareness rapidly. He mentioned ‘I just started asking people, and people started asking me … the list of creators is insane.’ There were over 250 creators from different kinds of people came to help for the production of the comic and it was overwhelming. (Ching, 2016)

 

I bought the book for the research of my Final Major Project, but also I wanted to show support to the community. And after that, the result was excellent. According to The Washington Post, the comic reached the New York Times’ bestseller list for graphic books. They even literally raised $165,000 and helped the victims in the Pulse’s shooting, which means so much for them and towards other people to acknowledge the event and the struggle of the LGBT community in order to diminish the hate and raise allies for the group through understanding. (Cavna, 2017)

 

Speaking of understanding, I will discuss about education on the other hand. In my perspective, through educating people, they will understand the knowledge and being less opposed. However, without some aspects of knowledge, people would be ignorant and resist to the things that they did not learn or they misunderstood. When I was in high school, teachers did not talk much about LGBT related topics, as they were sensitive and controversial with the fact that I was in a Catholic school. Therefore, the lack of information provided result as inheriting the traditional concepts and misunderstanding. In an article, which was researching on teachers’ comments on the reasons they would not educate student on LGBT-related literature topics. Most of them claiming that teaching these controversial topics were not suitable to be taught in classes because of various reasons and issues that they needed to deal with. (Thein, 2013)

 

One of the reasons was that the parents or the school would not approve. As the article stated that there are many religious parents and opposite viewer within the schools, they assumed that there would be a personal sacrifice because those negative voices would affect teachers’ jobs with the disapproval of schools despite the fact that they support the LGBT community (2013: 173). Another reason was that students would joke on the content of the LGBT community, which gave negative effects on those ‘little societies’ when sensitive words spread in the atmosphere of the classroom. However, I do not understand the reason as the words that making fun and jokes towards LGBT community is the lack of education, which I mentioned above. In another words, letting classmates to learn more about the community will result of the reduced use of offensive words. Due to the knowledge that teachers give to students and teach them it is not suitable nor acceptable to insult people in the way of whom they are.

 

My argument point leads to another reason, which is language Arts teachers were not the one who teach students about these topics according to the article and it was not their job (2013: 172). But it shows the fact the some teachers are not doing their jobs as they are meant to teach student about everything rather than just the subject they ‘need’ to educate them, which they were contradicting themselves. Therefore, with education, in this case, Language Arts, they will help the LGBT community if teachers stop avoiding teaches them.

 

Secondly, as I mentioned about understanding through education, there was a short film project entitle ‘TransMilitary’, co-produced by Fiona Dawson, Jamie Coughlin and Gabe Silverman. The visual art tells the story of two transgender couple, Ireland and Villanueva, serving in the military with different obstacles regarding to the gender norms within the military environment and how they overcame or lived with the standard. In the short documentary, for Ireland, the transgender man, he would not let others to know he was transgender as long as it was necessary, in the film, he told his sergeant of his identity and he could be in ‘Blues’, that he was able to wear as a male in the troops during ceremonies. However, due to military is male dominated environment, Villanueva was difficult to let the chief to accept from a man to a woman, she was not approved as a female and she needed to wear her male clothing in the army hospital (fionadawson, n.d.). Therefore, the short film tells the situation that helps people to understand more about the situation transgender are facing and how they deal with it. And with the popular media which spread the information and educates people in a large scale no matter for the people in the LGBT community or outside the group.

 

Regardless people outside the community, the LGBT group within also having a lot of discrimination, which sabotage the unity of the community. People still get a stereotype image of all homosexual people as masculine, handsome, lean. Yet, how about the people who are not featuring the appearance having above? Are they not within the community? In a project in taken part in New York City, Thor Stockman was pictured holding hands with his husband of 3 and a half years and was part of Brazilian artist Vik Muniz’s work, life-size mosaics in New York new Second Avenue subway line (Fonrouge 2016). They were in some unassuming clothes with the body sizes that passengers in the subway normally had. It reveals people more about the LGBT community without the glitters and typical standard that the mass media is giving. Also, telling that gay couple is the same as heterosexual couple with average-looking body with different age.

 

Furthermore, it also linked the issue about “typical” in the community. “I also want people to be honest with each other. Berlin is a great place for fun and sex, but nobody wants to accept that they are fucked up and depressed. Nobody speaks about the loneliness of gay people,” said Mischa Badasyan in an interview about his performance art project – “SAVE THE DAY”. He was having sex with 365 men everyday in a year. He learned more about himself and grew up a bit, especially having sex with different people such as transgender, HIV-positive men and straight men. Being loved and being lied, which led to his disbelief to people, and he pointed out that the discriminate within the gay community. Moreover, inspire the hate and devastate during the project, there were messages from people from worldwide sending cares and some were even aid by the project. One of the instances is that a Russian man sent message to Badasyan that he got HIV virus and feeling depressed. However, with the project that letting people know about the topic gave him hope and less lonely (Nichols 2016).

Art Blog

Back to some Sketchbook work/ PLOT OF THE COMIC (F48)

Despite the fact that my process of the comic is slow, I just wanted to start do other things first. Therefore, I expressed the feeling and explained the reason why I use LARANJA for my comic.

Also, I changed some process in the plot towards the ending, as I want to make it more sense and shorten the storyline, as I do not have enough time to do if I stick to the original plot I did, as I have to explain more and it will end up more complicated and hard to express the information to the audience. Likewise, I have to do the gif. and find a printing shop to print them, therefore, I do not get much time indeed.

 

img_1586